About Me

My photo
I make toys for kids who don't want to grow up. I'm on the lookout for new projects. If you're interested in commissioning me to build something ridiculous, shoot me an email.

Thursday, October 7, 2021

Mason's Magic Wheelchair

 Some years ago I did my first build for Magic Wheelchair.  It was a Davros chariot from Doctor WHO that we built for a young lady named Tori.  I didn't get around to writing a blog article about it, but you can see pics of that build here: LINK.  Then back in 2019 I did another one (LINK).  So when they called me up a few weeks ago and told me that they had a rush project that needed to be done in time for a three-year old's birthday party, I couldn't really say no.

Meet Mason:

This little guy is a huge fan of dinosaurs and his favorite thing is to get his mother to drive him to the nearest construction site so he can watch all of the tractors and heavy machinery at work.  

My task: make his wheelchair look like a compact tracked loader like this one:

The challenge: with all of my other commitments that were already locked in, I would only have twelve days available to work on it at all.

So it began.  Armed with a few photos of Mason's wheelchair and a list of measurements his mother had taken, we rushed through the "design process" which mostly amounted to Googling a bunch of images of compact tracked loaders and determining what elements they had in common.  Then I got online and ordered some linear actuators and a few electrical components so we could make the load arms move up and down and the bucket tilt.  

Conventional workshop wisdom tells you to measure twice and cut once.  That makes a lot of sense when you have clear drawings or blueprints to work from and any actual numbers to work with.  In this case, we had a couple of cardboard boxes stacked up to act as an approximate stand-in for the wheelchair.  So instead of "measure twice, cut once," the ongoing mantra for this build was "sketch it on the tabletop, measure once, cut six or seven times, and design the whole thing once it's built."  Things were going to be interesting.

The first step was a planning discussion and a little math:
Planning Discussion

Here's my friend Jesse Cohen measuring out a template for the cardboard box wheelchair stand-in:
Laying Out Wheelchair Mockup

Once we were happy with that rough shape, Doctor Girlfriend and I got started cutting out and gluing up the panels for the main body:
Assembling Body Sides

The initial assembly went well enough:
Body Shaping Up

Here's a shot of it from the outside:
Beginning of the Body Build
Notice the cardboard circle inside that was a stand-in for the big drive wheel in the middle of Mason's wheelchair.  Clearing that part of the chair was a major concern at this stage in the design/build process.

Lewis and I wrapped things up and had to pose for a pic at the end of the first actual building day:
Lewis, Shawn, and Tiki at the End of Day One

The next day started with the layout of the cab.  After a bit of discussion we decided it made sense to make the profile a little on the Chibi side instead of trying for a scale model of a generic tracked loader.  This thing was going to be adorable:
Initial Cab Design Template

Before too long, the sides and top of the cab were cut out, then glued and screwed together.  Then it was time to start thinking about the dimensions for the lift arms:
Guesstimating Load Arm Dimensions

After a bit of head scratching and pencil sharpening, I'd worked out a profile.  Using a piece of pipe as a hinge pin, the arm started to take shape.  We also made a template for the final track shape:
Load Arm Mockup in Place

With the shape worked out for the arm parts, I cut out all of the pieces and Shawnon set to work assembling them:
Shawnon Assembling Arm Parts

Meanwhile, my friend Danni was filling and sanding the edges and screw holes on the body and cab:
Danni Smoothing Cab

Pretty soon, things were looking good:
Lift Arm Filling and Sanding

With the body mostly made and the arm taking shape, I got to work on the load bucket.  I started by making the flat parts out of 1/2" plywood.  Then I stapled a piece of non-stick plastic sheet to the outside:
Bucket Ready for Layup

The whole inside of the curved area was coated with a generous layer of black gelcoat, then laid up with fiberglass:
Bucket Layup

Once that had cured, I did a quick test-fit:
Initial Shapes Prior to Primer

So far so good.

The next day, Lewis and I were mostly focused on smoothing out the pieces that still needed filling and sanding.  He focused on the arm:
Lewis Smoothing ARm

While I ironed out the inside of the bucket:
Bucket Nearly Smoove

I mostly just had to cover up the exposed fiberglass on the interior faces.  While I could've used gelcoat, I was in too much of a hurry.  Instead, I used Bondo with a dab of black pigment mixed in so any scratches in the paint wouldn't show up as bright pink scars inside the bucket.

At the end of the day, the arms were ready for primer:
Initial Primer on Arm

The main body was almost smooth as well:
Body Getting Smoother

Since Mason is a huge fan of dinosaurs (he named his wheelchair "dinosaur") we decided to make this a Dinosaur brand loader.  I had my shop assistant Rachel design a quick logo and branding reminiscent of Caterpillar construction equipment.  After some significant discussion, we settled on the triceratops as the brand mascot for Dinosaur Heavy Machinery:
DINOSAUR Heavy Equipment Logo

The logo and lettering were cut out on the vinyl cutter:
Road Wheels Forms Cut Out

Looking good:
Shawnon Test-Fitting the Bucket

For the track components, I used Lopez the Robot Whittler (my Carvewright CNC machine) to cut out the various circles that I'd need for track wheels.  I suppose it could've been done with a jigsaw or scroll saw, but I was busy and Lopez is faster and more accurate anyway.

Meanwhile, Lewis was making the various elements that would become the suspension components:
Lewis Making Track Components

Here's all of the parts laid out to get an idea of where we were headed:
Track Part Forms in Place

To reduce weight, we decided to vacform the track wheels.  Here's the parts laid out on the forming table:
Wheel Forming Bucks Laid Out

We made a couple of pulls in thin ABS plastic sheet:
First Set of Vacformed Wheels

We also formed a couple sets in high-impact polystyrene.  We decided we liked the HIPS pieces better, so those were trimmed and fitted to the tracks:
Track Parts Coming Together

Track Parts Cut and Fitted

Now that we had everything making sense, Lewis got to work assembling the tracks:
Lewis Assembling Track Components

To make the finished machine a little more door and wall friendly, we decided to make the rubber tracks out of strips of 1/2" foam floor mats:
Track Assemblies Begin to Take Shape

Here's Lewis fitting the pieces together after they'd been painted:
Lewis Dry Fitting Track Components

While there were a lot of people involved in this build, I am not at all exaggerating when I say that there's no way I could've finished this project without all of the hours that Lewis put in.  The assembly of the track parts was a slow and detail-heavy process and he knuckled down and made sure the parts were all cut, painted, organized, and lined up properly for final assembly:
Track Assemblies Maked

His wife Noelle also came by for a day of sanding and polishing to help us keep up with the rushed schedule:
Noelle Sanding Parts

At long last, it was time to start painting things:
Lift Arm Getting Initial Color

The knotted string sticking out on this end would be important later.

The yellow we used was the same Rustoleum Gloss Marigold that we used on Jazmine's Magic Wheelchair build a couple years ago.  The only other color we used was Satin Black.  This was finally starting to look like a thing:
Base Colors Applied

When the paint had dried, Kate applied the vinyl graphics:
Kate Applying Graphics

With most of the construction and painting done, we got started on the electrical parts.  Kate installed the working strobe light and the headlights on the top of the cab while I ran the wires for the actuators that would lift the arm and tilt the bucket:
Kate Installing Lights

Snaking the wires down the length of the arm might have been a challenge, but thankfully I'd had the foresight to build in a piece of twine to use as a messenger and pull the wires through:
Snaking Wires

I still had to pull the arm back off in order to get the job done:
Wiring Bucket Actuator

With the wiring connected, I threw together a quick and dirty controller setup:
Wiring the Controller

True to form, this is exactly when my dad stopped by and pointed out a few things I was doing wrong:
Getting Schooled by Dad
I can honestly say I'm grateful for every time he does that.  It always ends up saving me a lot of mistakes.

Once the controller was wired, I could start testing it out:
Wiring in Progress

The whole set of controls amounted to an arcade joystick and two toggle switches mounted to a piece of plywood:
Plain Controller

I printed graphics to explain what each switch was for:
Controller Graphics

Then poked holes to mount the switches and joystick:
Wrapped Control Plate

Here's the whole thing wired up from the backside:
Control Wiring Complete

As luck would have it, everything worked.  Moving the joystick side to side tilted the bucket:

Moving the joystick up and down would trigger a motor control relay to drive the arm actuators up and down:
Lift Arms Function Test

Build Complete

In order to attach the costume to Mason's wheelchair, we built in a backdoor panel that could be removed.  Then we could lift the back end up a bit, drive the chair into the cab, and it would rest on top of the wheel struts on each corner of the chair.  Lewis did most of the work making the backdoor panel while Kate and I were focused on wiring:
Lewis Fitting Back Plate

Since we were worried about the pinch points between the lifting arms and the sides of the cab, we decided to install window panels to keep stray fingers safe.  Shawnon cut the panels out of some very thin clear acrylic I had in the shop:
Shawnon Cutting Out Windows

To simulate the protective wire cage found on the cabs of most of these loaders, she laid out a grid of black lines on each of the windows as well:
Shawnon Drawing Gratings

Once they were velcroed in place, the build was just about done:
Not Too Shabby

We even made him a hard hat to go with it:

Properly Branded Hard Hat

At this point, with all of my other projects that were in progress at the same time, I was a bit on the exhausted side.  In order to meet my typical load of very aggressive deadlines, I had pulled two consecutive all-nighters and wasn't doing a great job of making sense.

Of course, the next challenge was shipping.  My shop is in Petaluma, California.  Mason is in Missoula, Montana.  So the whole thing would have to get loaded onto a truck and shipped.  So now it was crate-building time.  I started by making a deck big enough to park the assembled loader on it:
Crate Deck Completed

Then I started making the sides of the crate.  This was all being done on the hottest day of the month and I was also gearing up to head to the Wasteland Weekend festival down in the Mojave Desert.  For some reason this seemed like a good time to try out my post-apocalyptic costume to see how miserable I'd be in 100°F heat.  It turned out not to be as bad as expected, but I did look a little ridiculous:
Ready for Roofing

In the end, the loader was strapped down to the deck and everything was nice and snug:
Complete Loader Packed for Shipping

Once it was all sealed up, we stenciled a few logos on the outside and it was ready to go:
Crate Stenciling Finished

I was pretty far gone too:
Completed Crate

A week and a bit later, Shawnon and I flew out to Missoula, Montana so we could be present for the unveiling.  Missoula is an absolutely charming town of 70,000 people nestled at the meeting point of a few mountain valleys.  It's the kind of place where you find really nice people and a lot of pickup trucks:
and trucks

The plan was to have the unveiling outdoors and minimize the potential chances of someone spreading COVID at a three-year old's birthday party.  The event was held at one of the city fire stations on the edge of town:
Outskirts of MIssoula

When we arrived the day before the unveiling, the firefighters had already disassembled the crate for us.  The loader had made the trip unscathed:
Assembled Inside Fire Station

We were able to get a hold of Mason's parents and they brought his wheelchair down to the station so we could test the fit and make any necessary adjustments.  I'm thrilled to say that we only needed to make a few minor tweaks and everything worked beautifully.  Then we went out for dinner to discuss the plan of the day with the folks from Magic Wheelchair.

The morning of the unveiling was an absolutely gorgeous day.  We couldn't have asked for better weather while we were setting everything up:
The Setting

Here's a shot of Shawnon draping the finished loader in front of the Magic Wheelchair backdrop:
Shawnon Draping the Costume

Before too long, the crowd had arrived.  Once Mason rolled in, we did a quick countdown and slid the covers off of the loader.  The little guy was so bashful in front of the crowd that he didn't want to look up, so it took a bit before he realized that this was for him.  Then we mounted it on his wheelchair, strapped him in and showed him how to operate the bucket.  He started warming up to it pretty quick:
Mason Learning to Run the Loader

The local Alberton's Supermarket donated a birthday cake and a bucket full of candy for the proceedings:
Test Complete

The cake was pretty cool too:
Birthday Cake

Here's a clip of Mason figuring out how to dump the bucket:

Once he had that worked out, he really seemed to get into it.  Here's a great shot of him chilling out with Christine Getman, the Executive Director of Magic Wheelchair:
Finished, Installed, and Smiling

With the celebration ended, all that was left was for Mason to drive it home:
Heading Home

Later that evening, it turns out Mason made the local news:
Local Newscast

Happy birthday, dude.